文章摘要
陈立华,梅亚东,董雅洁,杨娜.改进遗传算法及其在水库群优化调度中的应用[J].水利学报,2008,39(5):
改进遗传算法及其在水库群优化调度中的应用
Improved genetic algorithm and its application in optimal dispatch of cascade reservoirs
  
DOI:
中文关键词: 遗传算法  优化调度  梯级水电站
英文关键词: improved genetic algorithm  optimal dispatch  coding approach  operator  hybrid algorithm  cascade hydropower station
基金项目:
作者单位
陈立华 武汉大学 水资源与水电工程科学国家重点实验室湖北 武汉 430072 
梅亚东  
董雅洁  
杨娜  
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中文摘要:
      根据梯级水电站优化调度特点,建立遗传算法(GA)求解多阶段最优化问题的数学模型。针对标准遗传算法(SGA)局部寻优能力较差、易早熟等不足之处,从编码方法、遗传算子和混合算法方面对其进行改进,提出了采用超立方体浮点数编码自适应遗传算法 (AGA)和超立方体浮点数编码遗传模拟退火算法(SA GA)。通过16种不同策略的GA在雅砻江梯级优化调度中的应用,其结果表明了改进策略在解决水库群优化问题方面的有效性和优越性。最后将GA与动态规划(DP)算法的性能进行比较分析,充分体现了GA的优点。
英文摘要:
      According to the characteristics of optimal dispatch of cascade reservoirs for hydropower stations the mathematical model for solving the multi stage optimization problem is established. To overcome the disadvantage of low ability of local searching and easy premature of standard genetic algorithm, the coding approach, new genetic operator and hybrid algorithm are introduced to improve the algorithm. On this basis the hypercube floating point coding adaptive genetic algorithm (AGA) and hypercube floating point coding genetic simulated annealing algorithm (SA GA) are suggested. The comparison of the application of 16 kinds of genetic algorithm to optimal dispatch of the Yalong River cascade reservoirs shows that the improved algorithms proposed in this paper are effective. The advantage of genetic algorithm is further verified by comparing the calculation results of dynamic programming method.
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