文章摘要
曾祥.跨流域供水水库群调水启动标准研究[J].水利学报,2013,44(3):
跨流域供水水库群调水启动标准研究
Triggering mechanism for inter-basin water transfer-supply in multi-reservoir system
  
DOI:
中文关键词: 跨流域调水  水库群  调水启动标准  改进的粒子群
英文关键词: inter-basin water transfer  multi-reservoir  transferring triggering mechanism  improved PSO
基金项目:
作者单位
曾祥 武汉大学水资源与水电工程科学国家重点实验室湖北武汉430072 
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中文摘要:
      本文提出了一种新的调水启动标准,该标准是由一组对水源水库与受水水库的蓄水状态综合判断条件构成。文中建立了跨流域调水启动标准优选的水库群联合调度模拟-优化模型,该模型以用水户缺水程度最轻、水库群弃水量最小和实际调水量与水行政主管部门确定的调水量之间的误差最小为目标函数,并采用并行多种群混合进化的粒子群算法PMSE-PSO对该模型进行优化求解。以我国北方3座具有多年调节性能的大型水库为例,进行了跨流域调水工程研究,结果表明:新的调水启动标准与水库群联合调度模型具有合理性与有效性。
英文摘要:
      This paper proposes a new triggering mechanism for inter-basin water transfer-supply in multi-reservoir system, which consists of the storages of both exporting and importing reservoirs to trigger water transfer. An inter-basin transfer-supply model is established to search the operating objectives for meeting annual diversion requirement and reducing annual spill flow, and meanwhile minimizing water supply shortages. The improved PSO algorithm is adopted to solve the model. To demonstrate the reasonability and applicability of the model, we present a case study for operation of an inter-basin water transfer-supply project in North China. The results show that the proposed new triggering mechanism can improve the efficiency of the operation performance of the inter-basin system.
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