文章摘要
王广宇,解建仓,张建龙,龙正未.基于经济行为分析理论的水银行运行机制研究[J].水利学报,2013,44(8):
基于经济行为分析理论的水银行运行机制研究
Research on water bank operation mechanism based on the theory of economic behavior analysis
  
DOI:
中文关键词: 水资源  水银行  经济行为分析模型  运行机制
英文关键词: water resources  water bank  economic behavior analysis model  operation mechanism
基金项目:
作者单位
王广宇 西安理工大学教育部西北水资源与环境生态重点实验室陕西西安710048 
解建仓 西安理工大学教育部西北水资源与环境生态重点实验室陕西西安710048 
张建龙 山西省水利建设开发中心山西太原030002 
龙正未 陕西省水资源管理办公室陕西西安710004 
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中文摘要:
      水银行是调剂用水余缺、节约水交易成本、保障供水安全的一个有效工具。本文利用水银行的经济行为分析模型,以王圪堵水库供水区为例研究了10种模拟情境下的存水价格、贷水价格和方案特点,分析了不同方案下的水价情境。定量分析表明:对贷水市场利用边际贷水成本定价,存水价格按照农民的意愿定价,可实现贷水量越多水银行获得的总利润越高,是有利于实现存水者、贷水者及水银行三方共赢的适宜方案。
英文摘要:
      Water bank is an effective tool to transfer water surplus and deficiency,save water transaction costs and protect the safety of water supply. Taking the Wanggedu reservoir as an example, this paper used a water bank economic behavior model to study water in prices, loan water price and program features in ten scenario simulations, and water price scenarios under different scenarios were studied. The re? sults show that among the ten scenario simulations, the marginal water loan cost used to price for water loan market and the water storage cost pricing in accordance with the farmers wishes could achieve the aim that the more the water loaned,the higher the profits for the banks. Thus,it is an appropriate control program for all three of water storage, water loan and water banks, which can provide guidance for the healthy development of water markets and efficient allocation of water resources.
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