文章摘要
王浩,贾仰文.变化中的流域“自然-社会”二元水循环理论与研究方法[J].水利学报,2016,47(10):1219-1226
变化中的流域“自然-社会”二元水循环理论与研究方法
Theory and study methodology of dualistic water cycle in river basins under changing conditions
投稿时间:2015-12-01  
DOI:10.13243/j.cnki.slxb.20151297
中文关键词: 流域  水循环  自然水循环  "自然-社会"二元水循环  "自然-人类"耦合系统
英文关键词: river basin  water cycle  natural water cycle  nature-society dualistic cycle  coupled humannatural systems
基金项目:国家重点基础研究发展计划(973计划)课题(2015CB452701,2006CB403404);国家自然科学基金项目(51379215)
作者单位E-mail
王浩 流域水循环模拟与调控国家重点实验室, 中国水利水电科学研究院, 北京 100038  
贾仰文 流域水循环模拟与调控国家重点实验室, 中国水利水电科学研究院, 北京 100038 jiayw@iwhr.com 
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中文摘要:
      在人类活动和气候变化影响下,流域水循环发生了深刻变化。水多、水少、水脏、水浑等流域水问题背后的科学基础是“自然-社会”二元驱动力作用下的流域水循环及其伴生的水环境、水生态过程的演变机理,有效解决这些水问题需要一套流域“自然-社会”二元水循环理论来支撑。本文在简述二元水循环研究历程的基础上,从水循环的驱动力、结构、功能属性和演变效应等方面,对比分析了自然水循环和“自然-社会”二元水循环的不同特征,阐述了变化中的流域“自然-社会”二元水循环的基本原理,包括学科范式、科学问题、研究内容与研究方法等。文章还讨论了二元水循环研究面临的机遇与挑战,如水资源的数量-质量-效率统一度量与转化问题及解决方法等,并进行了研究总结。
英文摘要:
      Water cycle in river basins has been changed profoundly under the impacts of human activities and climate change. Scientific basis behind water issues such as flooding, water scarcity, water pollution and turbidity is evolutionary mechanism of water cycle and accompanied water environment and eco-hydrolo-gy processes. Therefore,it is desired to establish a set of nature-society dualistic water cycle theory to sup-port effective solutions of these water issues. In this study,on the basis of brief description of dualistic wa-ter cycle research history, comparative analysis of different characteristics of natural water cycle and na-ture-society dualistic water cycle is performed from aspects of driving forces,structures,functions and reac-tions,and basic theory of nature-society dualistic water cycle has been put forward,which includes subjec-tive mode, scientific issues, study contents and study methods etc. Opportunities and challenges confronted by the dualistic water cycle study are also discussed, e.g., issue and solution method of united measuring and transforming of quantity-quality-efficiency of water resources,and a study summary is given at last.
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