文章摘要
胡秀成,张立翔.水泵水轮机增减负荷过程三维流动特性大涡模拟分析[J].水利学报,2018,49(4):492-500
水泵水轮机增减负荷过程三维流动特性大涡模拟分析
Numerical simulation of unsteady flow for a pump-turbine in transition cases with large-eddy simulation
投稿时间:2017-04-12  
DOI:10.13243/j.cnki.slxb.20170340
中文关键词: 水泵水轮机  大涡模拟  过渡过程  叶道涡  流动特性
英文关键词: pump-turbine  large eddy simulation  transient process  channel vortex  flow characteristics
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(51279071);教育部高等学校博士点基金(2013531413002)
作者单位E-mail
胡秀成 昆明理工大学 建筑工程学院, 云南 昆明 650500  
张立翔 昆明理工大学 建筑工程学院, 云南 昆明 650500 zlxzcc@126.com 
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中文摘要:
      采用大涡模拟(LES)对水泵水轮机增减负荷过渡过程进行三维非定常数值模拟,捕捉到了不同开度下叶道中多种涡系结构,展示了叶道涡涡量分布,分析了水轮机工况及水泵工况小流量运行区的流动结构变化特性,揭示了水流进口攻角与叶道涡涡系结构关系,对各类叶道涡不同形态进行了研究并提出了马蹄涡识别变量,并对比分析了水轮机工况及水泵工况涡结构变化特性。计算表明水泵水轮机的水力稳定性与机组运行工况改变时的流动结构特性密切相关,在增减负荷过渡过程中,叶道涡结构的尺度及分布范围均随时间发生较大变化,是影响流态发生巨变的主要因素。
英文摘要:
      This paper is concerned with large-eddy simulation of three-dimensional turbulent flow for a pump-turbine in transition process of increasing or decreasing load operation. The details of dynamical physics of the flow structures with opening variation of the moving guide vane are well captured. The vorticity distributions in the blade turbine passage are significantly distinguished. The flow characteristics in case of water pump or electricity generation in off-design conditions are obtained. This work shows the relations between flow coming angle of attack at the blade let and the vortex structures in the blade passage. Therefore, an identification method of the horseshoe vortex in the blade passage is obtained, and comparative analyses of the vortex structures in the various operation conditions are given. The results show that the flow stability of a pump-turbine is closely related to the evolution characteristics of the flow structures in different operation conditions,and in the transition process of increasing or decreasing load,the scales and distribution ranges of the vortex structures become greater with time and the flow regimes are more unstable.
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