文章摘要
杨高,李颖,付波霖,吴计生,幸泽峰.基于遥感的河岸带生态修复效应定量评估—以辽河干流为例[J].水利学报,2018,49(5):608-618
基于遥感的河岸带生态修复效应定量评估—以辽河干流为例
Quantitative evaluation of riparian ecological restoration in Liao River based on remote sensing
投稿时间:2017-11-22  
DOI:10.13243/j.cnki.slxb.20171143
中文关键词: 河岸带生态修复  物理结构完整性  RS和GIS  热点分析  空间聚类分布
英文关键词: riparian ecological restoration  physical structural integrality  RS and GIS  Hot Spot Analysis  spatial cluster distribution
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(21377166);广西自然科学基金项目(2017GXNSFDA198016);桂林理工大学科研启动基金项目(GUTQDJJ2017)
作者单位E-mail
杨高 中国科学院 东北地理与农业生态研究所, 吉林 长春 130102
中国科学院大学, 北京 100049 
 
李颖 中国科学院 东北地理与农业生态研究所, 吉林 长春 130102 liying@neigae.ac.cn 
付波霖 桂林理工大学 测绘地理信息学院, 广西 桂林 541006  
吴计生 松辽水环境科学研究所, 吉林 长春 130102  
幸泽峰 中国科学院 东北地理与农业生态研究所, 吉林 长春 130102
中国科学院大学, 北京 100049 
 
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中文摘要:
      物理结构完整性(PSI)是河岸带生态系统的基础特征。通过定量分析PSI的动态变化,可以有效评估河岸带生态修复效应。以辽河干流河岸带为研究对象,选取植被覆盖率、河宽比和人工干扰程度等作为监测指标,利用遥感(RS)和地面实测方法分别评价2010年和2016年的PSI,将其作为评价指标对河岸带生态修复效果进行定量评估。同时,利用Getis-Ord Gi*统计量对PSI值进行空间自相关分析,通过冷点与热点的空间分布来识别河岸带稳定及脆弱区域。研究结果表明,基于RS的河岸带物理结构评价方法与地面实测的结果一致,河岸带生态修复前后的PSI平均值由63.47提升至72.07,处于亚健康状态的河岸减少了189.5 km(97.1%)。辽河干流27.5%河岸带的修复效应显著,结构稳定性状况得到明显改善,整体上达到了生态修复的预期目标。修复后的PSI存在5个统计学意义上的显著热点和冷点,局部空间自相关性较强,其中冷点为低值聚集的河岸带脆弱区,与河岸带生态修复效果不理想的区域在空间上存在一致性。研究结果在评估河岸带生态修复效应的同时指明下阶段治理工作的方向,为我国北方平原河流的生态修复评估提供科学参考,尤其对于缺少实测资料的修复工程具有重要的应用价值。
英文摘要:
      Physical Structural Integrality (PSI) is a fundamental feature of riparian ecosystem. Riparian eco-logical restoration effect is able to be evaluated by quantitatively analyzing PSI's variation. This study is ad-dressed to evaluate riparian ecological restoration of Liao River conservation area using PSI value in 2010 and 2016. PSI value is calculated through evaluation indicators, e.g., vegetation percent cover, water level width and human disturbance derived from remote sensing (RS) data and validated by field measurements. The variation and clusters of PSI values were calculated by Hot and Cold Spots Analysis (Getis-Ord Gener-al Gi Statistics) to discriminate stable and weak area of riparian zones. The results indicated that there was no significant difference between evaluation results based RS and field measurements. The average value of PSI increased from 63.47 to 72.07 after the riparian ecological restoration, and the length of riparian zone under the sub-healthy condition decreased 189.5 km which accounted for over 97.1% of 2010. The riparian zone achieved significant restoration effect accounted for over 27.5% of the entire riparian zone of Liao Riv-er,then the structural stability was obviously improved. The riparian PSI value in 2016 existed five statisti-cally significant hot and cold spots, on which local spatial autocorrelation was strong. The cold spots with low-low clusters of PSI values were in the vulnerable riparian zone, which was consistent to the riparian zone with poor ecological restoration effect. The research results can provide reference for plain rivers in northern China to evaluate riparian ecological restoration effect and indicate restoration position in the fu-ture, which are of particularly important application value for the ecological restoration projects lacking field measurements.
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