文章摘要
魏迎奇,张雪东,张紫涛,梁建辉,胡晶.基于LXJ-4-450平台的土工离心模型试验研究[J].水利学报,2018,49(9):1087-1096
基于LXJ-4-450平台的土工离心模型试验研究
Geotechnical centrifuge modelling based on LXJ-4-450 platform
投稿时间:2018-07-17  
DOI:10.13243/j.cnki.slxb.20180652
中文关键词: 土工离心机  模型试验  试验技术  动力  溃坝  污染物运移  爆破
英文关键词: geotechnical centrifuge modelling  physical model tests  experimental technique  dynamic  dam breach  pollution migration  blasting
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(41775164,31670516);国家重点基础研究发展计划(2014CB047000);中国水科院基本业务费项目(GE0145B102017)
作者单位E-mail
魏迎奇 中国水利水电科学研究院 流域水循环模拟与调控国家重点实验室, 北京 100048  
张雪东 中国水利水电科学研究院 流域水循环模拟与调控国家重点实验室, 北京 100048 ytzxd@iwhr.com 
张紫涛 中国水利水电科学研究院 流域水循环模拟与调控国家重点实验室, 北京 100048  
梁建辉 中国水利水电科学研究院 流域水循环模拟与调控国家重点实验室, 北京 100048  
胡晶 中国水利水电科学研究院 流域水循环模拟与调控国家重点实验室, 北京 100048  
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中文摘要:
      土工离心机是岩土工程领域最有效的物理模拟手段之一。近年来,随着现代液压、电控及测试技术的飞速发展,土工离心模型试验技术水平显著提升,应用领域也不断拓展。本文基于中国水利水电科学研究院的LXJ-4-450离心模拟试验平台,对新型机载设备及相应的试验成果进行总结,综述了近年来土工离心模型试验的研究进展。具体而言,研制了模拟污染物迁移的离心试验装置,探讨了污染物在土壤中的迁移机理;研制了离心模拟爆炸试验装置,验证了冲击波及气泡脉动在超重力场下的相似关系;研制了离心模拟溃坝试验系统,揭示了土坝漫顶破坏机理;此外,配置了世界首台水平、垂直双向离心机振动台,揭示了饱和砂土地基液化机理及地震动传播规律;开发了基于液压系统的离心模拟试验大荷载施加方法;最后,对中国水科院新建的大型土工离心机试验平台进行了介绍。
英文摘要:
      Geotechnical centrifuge modelling is one of the most efficient physical modelling methods. Recently, with the development in hydraulic pressure, electronic control and sensing and testing technologies, the technique of geotechnical centrifuge modelling has been improved greatly. Correspondingly, its applications are also expanding. Based on the centrifugal modeling platform in IWHR, this paper presents the advances, including both the newly developed devices and the associated experimental results, in this area. The mechanisms of the pollutants migration through soil was examined using new design centrifuge apparatus. A device for the blasting modelling in centrifuge was developed to validate the scaling laws for shock wave and bubble pulse by underwater explosion. The mechanisms of overtopping of soil dams were explored using a custom-made device. Moreover,the liquefaction mechanism and earthquake wave propagation through saturated sand were investigated using the world's first horizontal-vertical centrifuge shaker. Besides, the technique of exerting large load force for centrifuge modelling based on hydraulic pressure system was developed. Finally,the new research platform of large geotechnical centrifuge at IWHR is introduced.
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