文章摘要
陈绪坚.金沙江梯级水库下游水沙过程非恒定变化及其对通航条件的影响[J].水利学报,2019,50(2):218-224
金沙江梯级水库下游水沙过程非恒定变化及其对通航条件的影响
Unsteady change of water and sediment processes downstream of cascade reservoirs in the Lower Jinsha River and its influence on navigation conditions
投稿时间:2018-07-18  
DOI:10.13243/j.cnki.slxb.20180681
中文关键词: 金沙江下游  梯级水库  水沙过程  非恒定变化  通航条件
英文关键词: Lower Jinsha River  cascade reservoirs  water and sediment process  unsteady change  navigation conditions
基金项目:国家重点研发计划项目(2016YFC0402104)
作者单位
陈绪坚 中国水利水电科学研究院 流域水循环模拟与调控国家重点实验室, 水利部水沙科学与江河治理重点实验室, 北京 100048 
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中文摘要:
      随着金沙江下游梯级水库陆续建设和投入运用,坝下游的水沙过程明显改变并影响通航条件。本文提出了水沙过程非恒定变化分析方法,分析了向家坝枢纽坝下水位、流量和含沙量非恒定变化特性及其对通航条件的影响。结果表明,向家坝枢纽运用后坝下水沙变化的非恒定强度较大,水位变化的变异系数可以达到0.10~0.12,流量变化变异系数可以达到0.20~0.40,虽然出库含沙量显著减小,但含沙量变异系数最大可以达到约1.0。向家坝水文站标准化年平均水位和流量约为1.0左右,向家坝枢纽坝下山区河道的通航条件总体上是稳定的,水库运用削减洪峰和增大枯水流量有利于改善坝下河道的通航条件,但水电站日调节和水库蓄水,以及泄洪增大流量和水位的非恒定性,对坝下河道的通航条件有一定不利影响。
英文摘要:
      With the construction and application of cascade reservoirs in the Lower Jinsha River,the water and sediment processes downstream of the reservoirs are obviously changing and affecting navigation conditions. The analysis method of water and sediment unsteady process is proposed,and the unsteady characteristics of water level, discharge and sediment concentration downstream of Xiangjiaba reservoir and its influence on navigation conditions are analyzed. The results show that the variation coefficient of water level can reach 0.10~0.12,and the variation coefficient of discharge can be 0.20~0.40. Although the sediment concentration decreased significantly,the variation coefficient of sediment concentration could reach about 1.0. The annual average normalized water level and discharge in Xiangjiaba hydrologic station is about 1.0, and the navigation conditions of the montanic river channel downstream of Xiangjiaba reservoir are generally stable. It is beneficial to reduce the flood peak and increase low discharge to the navigation conditions of the river channel downstream the dam,but the daily regulation of the hydropower station,the reservoir water storage and the flood discharge increase the inconstancy of the flow and water level,which have some adverse effects on the navigable conditions.
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