文章摘要
岳华,马光文,杨庚鑫.梯级水库群超标洪水的协同应急调度研究[J].水利学报,2019,50(3):356-363
梯级水库群超标洪水的协同应急调度研究
Research on collaborative emergency dispatch of the excessive flood of cascade reservoirs
投稿时间:2018-09-13  
DOI:10.13243/j.cnki.slxb.20180838
中文关键词: 梯级水库群  超标洪水  最高水位最低化准则  协同应急调度
英文关键词: cascade reservoirs  excessive flood  maximum water level minimization criteria  collaborative emergency dispatching
基金项目:国家重点研发计划项目(2016YFC0402205-6)
作者单位
岳华 四川大学 水力学与山区河流开发保护国家重点实验室 水利水电学院 四川 成都 610065 
马光文 四川大学 水力学与山区河流开发保护国家重点实验室 水利水电学院 四川 成都 610065 
杨庚鑫 国电大渡河水电开发有限公司, 四川 成都 610000 
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中文摘要:
      受全球气候变暖影响,极端天气事件发生频次增加,超标准洪水灾害的突发性、危害性和不可预见性更加突出,使得梯级水库面临的应急处置问题日益凸显,其中大坝溃决或连溃是梯级水库面临的最大威胁。针对超标洪水,实施水库群协同应急调度,是发挥水库综合利用效益的有效手段之一。本文选取最高水位最低化准则作为超标洪水协同应急调度模型的目标函数,采用逐步优化算法求解梯级水库群超标洪水协同应急调度模型,对梯级水库群超标洪水应急调度方案进行了有益的探索,并以大渡河流域瀑布沟水库、深溪沟水库和枕头坝一级水库为例,对其超标洪水过程进行调度计算,验证了上述模型的合理性和可靠性。结果表明:通过梯级水库群的协同应急调度,各水库在洪水前期预泄水库水量,尽可能腾出更多的水库库容,便于迎接后期可能发生的洪水,尽可能地降低各水库的水位,有效确保梯级水库群的防洪安全。研究成果对各大流域梯级水库群超标洪水的应急调度机制的建立具有重要的理论意义和工程实践价值。
英文摘要:
      Due to the impact of global climate changing,the frequency of extreme weather events has in-creased significantly.The suddenness,harmfulness and unpredictability of the excessive floods are more prominent,posing a great challenge to the collaborative emergency dispatch and the safety of cascade reser-voirs.And the dam break or even continuous collapse is the biggest threat to the cascade reservoir.In re-sponse to the excessive flooding,it is one of the effective means to realize the comprehensive utilization effi-ciency of reservoirs to carry out emergency dispatch of cascade reservoirs.In this paper,the maximum wa-ter level minimization criteria is selected as the objective function of the collaborative emergency dispatch-ing model for excessive flood,and the Progress Optimality Algorithm method is used to solve the model.Taking the Pubugou Reservoir,the Shenxigou Reservoir and the Zhentouba-I Reservoir in the Dadu River Basin as an example,an emergency dispatching plan for the excessive flood of the cascaded reservoirs in this basin is proposed,the process of its exceeding flood control is calculated.The rationality and reliability of the above model are verified.The results indicate that through the collaborative emergency dispatching of cascade reservoirs,each reservoir will pre-discharge the water in the pre-flood stage,freeing up more reser-voir storage capacity,facilitate to meet the possible flood in the later stage,reduce the water level of each reservoir as much as possible,and effectively ensure the flood control safety of cascade reservoirs.The re-search results have important theoretical significance and engineering practical value for the establishment of emergency dispatch mechanism for the excessive flood of cascade reservoirs in major river basins.
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