文章摘要
曹引,冶运涛,梁犁丽,赵红莉,蒋云钟,王浩.基于自适应网格的急流条件下污染物输运高效高精度模拟[J].水利学报,2019,50(3):388-398
基于自适应网格的急流条件下污染物输运高效高精度模拟
High efficient and accurate simulation of pollutant transport in torrential flow based on adaptive grid method
投稿时间:2018-10-01  
DOI:10.13243/j.cnki.slxb.20180891
中文关键词: 突发水污染  急流  污染物输移扩散  自适应结构网格  有限体积
英文关键词: sudden water pollution  torrential flow  pollutant transport  adaptive structured grids  finite vol-ume
基金项目:国家重点研究计划课题(2017YFC0405804,2017YFC0405801);国家自然科学基金项目(51309254);中国水利水电科学研究院科研专项“十三五”重点科研项目(WR0145B272016)
作者单位E-mail
曹引 东华大学 环境科学与工程学院, 上海 201620
中国水利水电科学研究院 水资源研究所, 北京 100038 
 
冶运涛 中国水利水电科学研究院 水资源研究所, 北京 100038 yeyuntao@iwhr.com 
梁犁丽 中国水利水电科学研究院 水资源研究所, 北京 100038  
赵红莉 中国水利水电科学研究院 水资源研究所, 北京 100038  
蒋云钟 中国水利水电科学研究院 水资源研究所, 北京 100038  
王浩 东华大学 环境科学与工程学院, 上海 201620
中国水利水电科学研究院 水资源研究所, 北京 100038 
 
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中文摘要:
      为了高效准确模拟急流条件下突发水污染事件中污染物的输运规律,基于自适应网格技术构建了Godunov格式有限体积模型。模型利用自适应结构网格离散二维浅水控制方程,对水位梯度或污染物浓度梯度较大的区域进行精细网格划分,同时细化干湿边界区域网格。模型采用MUSCL-Hancock方法求解二维浅水控制方程,使模型具有时空二阶精度;利用HLLC格式近似Riemann解计算界面通量,对界面两侧的Riemann变量进行非负重构和局部底部高程修正以确保模型计算的和谐性和稳定性。算例验证表明:自适应网格技术可以自动识别水位梯度或污染物浓度梯度较大的区域以及干湿边界区域并细化该区域网格,保证模型模拟精度的基础上,提升模型模拟效率;该模型能够准确高效地模拟急流条件下污染物的输运过程,适用于突发水污染事件的评估、预警和应急管理。
英文摘要:
      A Godunov-type scheme finite volume model based on adaptive structured grid method is pro-posed for accurately simulating pollutant transport in sudden water pollution accidents with torrential flow conditions.In the model,two-dimensional shallow water governing equations are discretized by adaptive structured grids.The structured grids with high gradients of water level or pollutant concentration are subdi-vided to improve grid resolution.In addition,the grids near wet/dry fronts are also subdivided.The model has spatial-temporal second-order precision through solving shallow water governing equations by MUS-CL-Hancock method.HLLC's approximate Riemann solution is used to compute the interface flux based on non-negative reconstruction and local modification of bed slope,it can maintain the stability and well-bal-anced condition of the model.The test results indicate that adaptive gird method can automatically identify and subdivide the grids with high gradients of water level or pollutant concentration as well as the girds near wet/dry fronts.It can improve model computational efficiency without compromising solution accuracy.The model can efficiently and accurately simulate pollutant transport in sudden water pollution accidents with torrential flow conditions and is applicable for assessment,early warning and emergency management of sudden water pollution accidents.
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