文章摘要
胡鹏,杨庆,杨泽凡,韩昆,潘剑光.水体中溶解氧含量与其物理影响因素的实验研究[J].水利学报,2019,50(6):679-686
水体中溶解氧含量与其物理影响因素的实验研究
Experimental study on dissolved oxygen content in water and its physical influence factors
投稿时间:2019-02-20  
DOI:10.13243/j.cnki.slxb.20190108
中文关键词: 溶解氧  水温  流速  水深  相关系数
英文关键词: dissolved oxygen  water temperature  flow rate  water depth  correlation coefficient
基金项目:国家重点研发计划课题(2016YFC0401302,2017YFC0404503);国家自然科学基金项目(51509265,51625904);中国水科院基本科研业务费项目(WR0145B522017)
作者单位
胡鹏 中国水利水电科学研究院 流域水循环模拟与调控国家重点实验室, 北京 100038 
杨庆 中国水利水电科学研究院 流域水循环模拟与调控国家重点实验室, 北京 100038
华北水利水电大学, 河南 郑州 450045 
杨泽凡 中国水利水电科学研究院 流域水循环模拟与调控国家重点实验室, 北京 100038 
韩昆 中国水利水电科学研究院 流域水循环模拟与调控国家重点实验室, 北京 100038 
潘剑光 中国水利水电科学研究院 流域水循环模拟与调控国家重点实验室, 北京 100038 
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中文摘要:
      影响自然水体中溶解氧含量的因素包括化学因素、物理因素和生物因素,其中与水力学条件直接相关也易于进行调控的是物理因素。但现有对物理影响因素的研究中,关于水体流速对溶解氧含量及分布情况的系统性实验研究较为缺乏。本文通过搭建模拟河道,营造不同的水动力条件,探究流速、水深及水温对于河道内溶解氧含量及分布的影响。研究结果表明:在不考虑光合作用的复氧时,溶解氧在水体中的分层现象与流速和水深密切相关;对于地表Ⅲ类水,流速达到0.05 m/s时,溶解氧浓度相比于静止水体增加超过50%,饱和度达到90%左右;流速在0.05 m/s以下时,流速对于溶解氧浓度的影响占主导地位,流速超过0.05 m/s后,水温的影响占主导地位,溶解氧浓度随水温升高而降低,但溶解氧饱和度受水温影响不显著。
英文摘要:
      Factors affecting dissolved oxygen content in natural waters include chemical factors,physical fac-tors and biological factors. Among them, physical factors are the ones that are directly related to hydraulic conditions and are easier to regulate. However, in the study of existing physical influencing factors, there is a lack of systematic experimental research on the flow rate of dissolved water and the distribution of dis-solved oxygen. In this paper, a simulated river channel is built to create different hydrodynamic conditions and explore the effects of flow rate,water depth and water temperature on dissolved oxygen content and dis-tribution. The results show that the stratification of dissolved oxygen in water is closely related to the flow rate and water depth without considering the reoxygenation of photosynthesis. For surface type Ⅲ water, the flow rate reaches 0.05 m/s, the dissolved oxygen concentration increases by more than 50% compared to the stationary water body, and the saturation reaches about 90%. The flow rate is less than 0.05m/s, and the influence of the flow rate on the dissolved oxygen concentration is dominant. When the flow rate ex-ceeds 0.05m/s, the influence of water temperature is dominant, and the dissolved oxygen concentration de-creases as the water temperature increases, but the dissolved oxygen saturation is not affected by the water temperature.
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