文章摘要
饶登宇,白冰.溶质运移中多孔介质弥散度影响因素的SPH模拟研究[J].水利学报,2019,50(7):824-834
溶质运移中多孔介质弥散度影响因素的SPH模拟研究
Study on the factors affecting dispersity of porous media by SPH simulation in solute transport
投稿时间:2019-01-07  
DOI:10.13243/j.cnki.slxb.20190021
中文关键词: 多孔介质  孔隙尺度  光滑粒子法  溶质运移  弥散度
英文关键词: porous media  pore scale  SPH method  solute transport  dispersity
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(51678043);北京市自然科学基金项目(8182046);中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金(2018YJS121)
作者单位E-mail
饶登宇 北京交通大学 土木建筑工程学院, 北京 100044  
白冰 北京交通大学 土木建筑工程学院, 北京 100044 bbai@bjtu.edu.cn 
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中文摘要:
      借助光滑粒子流体动力学(SPH)方法,本文从流体质点运动和溶质扩散的物理本质出发,设计并进行孔隙尺度下多孔介质中溶质运移的仿真实验,进而分析多孔介质弥散度影响因素,并讨论弥散度与多孔介质结构参数的关系。通过离散化N-S方程和Fick扩散方程,建立描述孔隙水流动的SPH水动力模型和描述溶质分子扩散的扩散模型,求解出在低Pe数下对流扩散方程的一维定解问题,检验了模型的准确性。在高Pe数流场中,进行了恒定流速的黏性流体穿透多孔介质薄层的仿真实验,计算结果可准确模拟出过水断面上各流体质点的流速差异、流体质点在多孔介质中的弥散过程以及流体质点的迂曲绕流过程;通过建立三段理想化的孔隙通道模型,发现在迂曲路径相同时,速度差对机械弥散度仍有显著影响。最后,为探究弥散度与多孔介质结构参数的关系,生成了多组随机粒径的二维多孔介质进行溶质穿透仿真实验。计算结果表明,弥散度与流速变异系数、迂曲度、迂曲路径差以及不均匀系数大致呈正相关,与孔隙率呈负相关。
英文摘要:
      Smoothed particle hydrodynamics (SPH) method is used to simulate the dispersion process of saturated porous media from the physical nature of fluid particle movement in pore scale. On the basis of simulation experiments, the influencing factors of dispersity are discussed. By discretizing the Navier-Stokes equations,the SPH flow model is built to describe the pore water flow. Similarly,the solute diffusion model is built to describe molecular dispersion based on Fick's law. When solving the diffusion-convection case of low Peclet number, the numerical results coincide with analytical solutions well, which verifies the accuracy of the models. Adopting the models, a 2-D simulation experiment is achieved for viscous fluid at a constant velocity to penetrate a thin layer of porous medium at high Peclet number. The features depicted by velocity contour plot agree with the real behavior of viscous fluid. To evaluate the effect of velocity differences on dispersity,three ideal micro winding tubes are established with the tortuous pathways controlled the same. The results show the difference between fluid particles'velocity has a close relationship with dispersity. Then the relationships between dispersity and the structure parameters of porous media are discussed based on the results of simulation experiments with random grain-size porous media. The conclusion proves that the increase of tortuosity and nonuniform coefficient tend to result in the enhancement of the dispersion effect. And there is a negative correlation between porosity and dispersity.
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