文章摘要
刘润,李贝贝,马文冠,练继建,陈广思.粉质黏土中筒型基础沉放的影响范围研究[J].水利学报,2019,50(8):960-968
粉质黏土中筒型基础沉放的影响范围研究
Research on the influence scope of bucket foundation installation in silty clay
投稿时间:2019-03-06  
DOI:10.13243/j.cnki.slxb.20190141
中文关键词: 筒型基础  粉质黏土  静压沉放  负压沉放  影响范围
英文关键词: bucket foundation  silty clay  static pressure penetration  suction installation  influence scope
基金项目:国家杰出青年科学基金项目(51825904)
作者单位
刘润 天津大学 水利工程仿真与安全国家重点实验室, 天津 300072 
李贝贝 天津大学 水利工程仿真与安全国家重点实验室, 天津 300072 
马文冠 天津大学 水利工程仿真与安全国家重点实验室, 天津 300072 
练继建 天津大学 水利工程仿真与安全国家重点实验室, 天津 300072 
陈广思 天津大学 水利工程仿真与安全国家重点实验室, 天津 300072 
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中文摘要:
      随着我国近海风电场规模化建造,宽浅式筒型基础得到了越来越多的应用。为了抵抗百米高塔筒产生的巨大弯矩,筒型基础直径达到了40 m。为了准确评估筒型基础在施工期和服役期的地基承载力,有必要研究筒型基础沉放过程对周围土体产生的影响。本文开展了系统的室内模型试验研究,模拟了筒型基础的自重沉放与负压沉放过程,监测了筒基沉放过程中筒内外土体孔隙水压力变化及沉放前后土体强度的改变;基于孔穴扩张理论推导了筒型基础沉放最大径向影响范围的计算公式。研究结果表明:筒型基础在自重沉放阶段对周围径向土体的影响范围为距筒中心2.2倍半径;负压沉放阶段对土体的影响范围为距筒中心1.6倍半径。
英文摘要:
      With the large-scale construction of offshore wind farms in China, the wide and shallow bucket foundation has been widely used. In order to withstand the huge bending moment generated by the 100-me-ter tower, the bucket foundation diameter reaches 40m. In order to accurately evaluate the foundation bear-ing capacity of the bucket foundation during construction and service, it is necessary to study the impact of the bucket foundation installation process on the surrounding soil. In this paper, the indoor model test is carried out, and the self-weight penetration and suction installation processes of the bucket foundation are simulated. The variation of pore water pressure inside and outside the bucket foundation is monitored. The strength of the soil before and after installation is measured. Based on the theory of cavity expansion, the formula for calculating the maximum radial influence scope of bucket foundation installation is derived. The results show that the radial influence scope of the self-weight penetration on the surrounding soil is 2.2 times the radius; the radial influence scope of the suction installation on the surrounding soil is 1.6 times the radius.
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