文章摘要
王兆庚,郭祺忠,练继建,陈亮.建筑屋面雨水有压回补地下水理念与潜力评估[J].水利学报,2019,50(8):999-1009
建筑屋面雨水有压回补地下水理念与潜力评估
Concept and assessment of utilizing rooftop rainwater for pressurized groundwater recharge
投稿时间:2019-04-12  
DOI:10.13243/j.cnki.slxb.20190256
中文关键词: 屋面雨水  有压回补  降雨历时  滞留时间  回补率
英文关键词: rooftop rainwater  pressurized groundwater recharge  rainfall duration  detention time  rainwater recharge rate
基金项目:国家重点研发计划项目(2016YFC0400900)
作者单位E-mail
王兆庚 天津大学 水利工程仿真与安全国家重点实验室, 天津 300354  
郭祺忠 天津大学 水利工程仿真与安全国家重点实验室, 天津 300354
罗格斯大学 土木与环境工程系, 新泽西州, 美国 08854 
qguo@rutgers.edu 
练继建 天津大学 水利工程仿真与安全国家重点实验室, 天津 300354  
陈亮 天津大学 水利工程仿真与安全国家重点实验室, 天津 300354  
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中文摘要:
      城市雨水回补地下水对增加城市地下水资源、减轻内涝灾害具有重大意义。屋面雨水水质较好,且具有高水头特点,并无需外界提供电能、不占据多余空间,可实现雨水收集、快速净化,形成屋面雨水有压回补地下水模式,增加地下水回补率。该技术理念提出后,尚处于研究阶段,故本文以天津大学新校区为研究区,通过水泵加压回补地下水的现场数据推导出了半经验公式,选取与实地状况基本相符的渗透率等相关参数,对该模式进行相关计算与潜力评估。利用天津市暴雨公式计算了不同降雨重现年及历时的设计雨强,并计算出本模式应用于研究区的不同设计情况下的回补率。计算结果显示,回补率与降雨历时(建筑屋面汇水或滞留时间)呈正相关关系;假设建筑屋面雨水滞留时间为24 h时,25年一遇以内降雨回补率大于90%,50年一遇和100年一遇降雨回补率达85%以上。本文论证了该种模式具有很强的应用价值,对雨水回补地下水技术研究有一定的参考价值。
英文摘要:
      Urban groundwater recharge with rainwater is of great significance for increasing urban groundwa-ter resources and alleviating water-logging problems. The rooftop rainwater has good water quality and high pressure head. It can be collected and treated rapidly and then recharged into the groundwater under pres-sure without external power demand and without occupying extra space area. However, this proposed con-cept is still under research. Therefore, this study took the New Campus of Tianjin University as the re-search site to perform calculations and assess potentials for this rainfall utilization mode. The semi-empirical formula was developed from field test data of groundwater recharge under pump pressure. The realistic pa-rameter values were selected in the calculations. The design rainfall intensity of different rainfall recurrence intervals and durations was calculated by using the rainstorm formula for Tianjin, and the rainwater replen-ishment rate was quantified for this rainfall utilization mode at the study site under different design condi-tions. The quantification results show that the replenishment rate is positively correlated with the rooftop rain-water detention time. Assuming the rooftop rainwater detention time 24h,the rainwater recharge rate is great-er than 90% for rainfall smaller than the 25-year storm; and for the rainstorms with recurrence interval of 50 or 100 year,the rainwater recharge rate is over 85%. This study demonstrates that this rainwater utiliza-tion mode has a high application value and can serve as a reference for research on technologies for the groundwater recharge with rainwater.
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