文章摘要
张昭,程靖轩,刘奉银,齐吉琳.基于颗粒级配参数描述砂土持水及非饱和强度特性的土壤转换函数[J].水利学报,2020,51(4):479-491
基于颗粒级配参数描述砂土持水及非饱和强度特性的土壤转换函数
Pedotransfer functions to describe water retention and unsaturated strength behaviors of sandy soils based on particle size parameters
投稿时间:2019-11-26  
DOI:10.13243/j.cnki.slxb.20190835
中文关键词: 砂土  土壤转换函数  持水曲线  非饱和强度  颗粒级配参数
英文关键词: sandy soil  pedotransfer function  water retention curve  unsaturated strength  particle size parameter
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(41877278,51679198);国家留学基金资助项目(201908610043);陕西省教育厅重点实验室科研计划项目(18JS71)
作者单位E-mail
张昭 西安理工大学 岩土工程研究所, 陕西 西安 710048  
程靖轩 西安理工大学 岩土工程研究所, 陕西 西安 710048  
刘奉银 西安理工大学 岩土工程研究所, 陕西 西安 710048 fyliu@pub.xaonline.com 
齐吉琳 北京建筑大学 土木与交通工程学院, 北京 100044  
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中文摘要:
      以van Genuchten模型为基础,将砂土的基本物理特征与统计分析相结合,构建土壤转换函数以预测砂土持水曲线。首先,在土壤转换函数中引入控制粒径d60和不均匀系数Cu这两个典型颗粒级配参数,并满足完全均匀和完全分散的两种理想颗粒材料条件;其次,结合非饱和土水力特性数据库(UNSODA)与4种颗粒级配分布较均匀的砂土持水曲线补充试验,通过量纲分析和回归分析,将控制持水曲线进气值和减湿率的参数an分别表示为d60和lgCu的反比例型转换函数,结果表明:这两种转换函数对参数an的预测效果优于已有转换函数;最后,将这两种转换函数引入非饱和强度公式,利用已有文献中的非饱和强度试验结果验证了提出的土壤转换函数在表征砂土毛细黏聚力与抗拉强度随基质吸力变化规律的有效性,相应的理论计算结果表明:砂土的毛细黏聚力随其控制粒径减小或均匀程度降低而增高。
英文摘要:
      Based on the van Genuchten model,two pedotransfer functions are proposed to predict the water retention curves of sandy soils. Particle size parameters of the controlling particle size d60 and the coefficient of uniformity Cu are employed in the pedotransfer functions with two idealized conditions,i.e.,the extremely monosized and polydisperse conditions. Water retention tests are carried out on four sandy soils with narrow particle size distributions as supplementary data of the UNSODA database. Based on the dimension and regression analysis,the parameter a and n,which are related to air entry value and drying rate of water retention curve,are expressed as inversely proportional to d60 and lgCu. The proposed pedotransfer functions have better fitness than previous functions for sandy soils. The proposed pedotransfer functions are finally imbedded in unsaturated strength equations, which provide a way to predict the evolution of capillary cohesion and tensile strength with matric suction. The prediction shows quantitative agreement with experimental data in the previous literatures,and the theoretical solutions indicate that the capillary cohesion is generally higher for materials with finer controlling particle size or lower uniformity.
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