文章摘要
黄艳,李昌文,李安强,王强,朱思蓉.超标准洪水应急避险决策支持技术研究[J].水利学报,2020,51(7):805-815
超标准洪水应急避险决策支持技术研究
Research on decision support techniques of over-standard flood emergency evacuation
投稿时间:2020-05-05  
DOI:10.13243/j.cnki.slxb.20200306
中文关键词: 超标准洪水  防洪应急避险  洪水风险快速建模  基于位置服务(LBS)的人群实时信息获取  转移路径动态优化
英文关键词: over-standard flood  flood control emergency evacuation  rapid flood risk modeling  crowd re-al-time information acquisition based on location service (LBS)  dynamic optimization of transfer path
基金项目:国家重点研发计划项目(2018YFC1508005);长江设计公司2019年度自主创新项目(CX2019Z13)
作者单位E-mail
黄艳 长江勘测规划设计研究有限责任公司, 湖北 武汉 430010  
李昌文 长江勘测规划设计研究有限责任公司, 湖北 武汉 430010 lichangwen@cjwsjy.com.cn 
李安强 长江勘测规划设计研究有限责任公司, 湖北 武汉 430010  
王强 长江信达软件技术(武汉)有限责任公司, 湖北 武汉 430010  
朱思蓉 长江勘测规划设计研究有限责任公司, 湖北 武汉 430010  
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中文摘要:
      针对传统避洪技术防洪风险动态识别能力不足、风险人群识别追踪预警手段落后、实时洪灾避险路径优化技术匮乏、应急避险决策支持平台缺乏等四大问题,融合卫星遥感、GIS、无人机摄影等多源信息,利用数值模拟、多源LBS、大数据、电子围栏、实时通讯等技术手段,研发了适应不同分漫溃情景的超标准洪水风险快速建模与预判技术、风险人群精准识别预警与实时监控技术和避险转移路径动态优化技术。在此基础上,研发了基于空天地水多源信息、实时信息驱动的防洪应急避险决策支持平台,具有应急避险信息识别精准到人、避洪要素智慧管理、转移效果全过程评估等功能。成果在长江流域荆江分洪区进行了模拟应用。
英文摘要:
      In response to four major technical problems of traditional flood evacuation technologies:inade-quate ability to identify flood risks dynamically, backward methods of identification, tracking and early warning of threatened groups, inefficient optimization techniques for real-time flood disaster evacuation paths, and lack of emergency risk evacuation decision support platform, this article integrated multi-source information such as satellite remote sensing, GIS, unmanned aerial vehicles drone photography, and used technical means such as numerical simulation, multi-source LBS, big data, electronic fence and real-time communication, and put forward rapid over-standard flood risk modeling and judging technique to adapt to different scattering,overflowing and breaching scenarios,accurate identification,rapid early warning and re-al-time monitoring technology of threatened groups, and a real-time dynamic optimization technology for the transfer route of population evacuation. On this basis,a flood control emergency evacuation decision sup-port platform based on multi-source information of sky, space, earth and water and real-time information driven was developed. The functions such as information recognition of emergency evacuation to the crowd, the intelligent management of the evacuation elements, and the whole process of evaluation of the transfer effect were developed. The research results were simulated and applied in the Jingjiang flood diversion area in the Yangtze River Basin.
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