文章摘要
王浩,王佳,刘家宏,梅超.城市水循环演变及对策分析[J].水利学报,2021,52(1):3-11
城市水循环演变及对策分析
Analysis of urban water cycle evolution and countermeasures
投稿时间:2020-07-14  修订日期:2020-11-05
DOI:10.13243/j.cnki.slxb.20200501
中文关键词: 城市水循环  二元水循环  水循环演变  城市化  城市水文学
英文关键词: urban water cycle  nature-society dualistic water cycle  water cycle  urbanization  urban hy- drology
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(51739011);国家重点研发计划项目(2016YFC0401401)
作者单位E-mail
王浩 中国水利水电科学研究院 流域水循环模拟与调控国家重点实验室, 北京 100038
水利部水资源与水生态工程技术研究中心, 北京 100038 
 
王佳 中国水利水电科学研究院 流域水循环模拟与调控国家重点实验室, 北京 100038  
刘家宏 中国水利水电科学研究院 流域水循环模拟与调控国家重点实验室, 北京 100038
水利部水资源与水生态工程技术研究中心, 北京 100038 
liujh@iwhr.com 
梅超 中国水利水电科学研究院 流域水循环模拟与调控国家重点实验室, 北京 100038  
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中文摘要:
      全球气候变化和快速城市化改变了自然水循环过程,使水循环呈现“自然-社会”二元特征。城市是二元水循环耦合程度最深的区域,城市水循环的驱动力、结构与过程呈现复杂化,由此引发的城市水问题越来越突出,未来城市水循环面临严峻挑战。本文在识别城市水循环的演变历程和机理的基础上,解析了城市水问题的产生根源。以城市水问题以及未来城市水循环发展趋势为导向,提出了未来城市水循环调控的总体思路,论述了未来城市水循环调控的“理水” “用水” “治水”“管水”四大战略,阐明了以“安” “和” “畅” “保” “节” “回” “净”“智”八字方针为指导的未来城市水循环调控实现途径。
英文摘要:
      Global climate change and rapid urbanization have profoundly changed the process of natural wa- ter cycle, which lead to a presentation of nature-society dualistic water cycle. City is the region with the deepest coupling degree of dualistic water cycle. The driving force,structure and process of urban water cy- cle tend to complicate and imbalance, which causes more and more prominent urban water issues. In this study, the root cause of urban water issue is analyzed on the basis of identifying the evolution process and mechanism of urban water cycle. Guided by urban water issues and future evolution trend of urban water cy- cle, the theoretical framework of urban water cycle optimization in the future which contains four strategies of "water governance", "water use", "water regulation" and "water management" is addressed, and the eight-word guideline -"safety", "harmony", "smooth", "protection", "saving", "reuse", "clean" and " intel- ligence" to realize the optimization of urban water cycle in the future is expounded.
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