文章摘要
吴浩云,陆志华.太湖流域治水实践回顾与思考[J].水利学报,2021,52(3):277-290
太湖流域治水实践回顾与思考
Review and thinking of water management practice in Taihu Basin
投稿时间:2020-07-23  
DOI:10.13243/j.cnki.slxb.20200728
中文关键词: 太湖流域  治水  系统治理  综合治理
英文关键词: Taihu Basin  water management  systematic management  comprehensive management
基金项目:国家重点研发计划项目(2018YFC0407205)
作者单位
吴浩云 水利部太湖流域管理局, 上海 200434 
陆志华 太湖流域管理局 水利发展研究中心, 上海 200434 
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中文摘要:
      系统治理和综合治理是流域治理中至关重要的思想,是解决流域性水问题的有效方法论。太湖流域因湖得名、因水而兴,在我国经济社会发展中占有举足轻重的地位。流域治水始终围绕兴水利、除水害、保发展、惠民生,先驱们为之进行了长期艰苦的实践与探索,逐渐形成了系统治理和综合治理的治水思想,并成为流域各地治水的重要遵循,未来也将不断传承与发展。新世纪以来,太湖流域防洪减灾、水资源配置、水生态环境改善三位一体的综合治理工程布局逐步完善,初步形成了流域的治理与管理框架,造就了江南水乡的繁荣昌盛。在气候变化与快速城镇化背景下,太湖流域全方位水安全保障也不断面临新的压力与挑战。本文系统总结太湖流域治水历程、治水思想、治水现状,分析新时期流域治水需要解决的关键技术,探讨未来流域治水方向,为进一步建设美丽幸福太湖提供借鉴。
英文摘要:
      Systematic management and comprehensive management are very important ideas of basin management and effective methodology to solve basin water problems. Taihu Basin is named for the lake and flourished because of the water, which has been one of the richest and most prosperous areas in China. Water management in Taihu Basin has always focused on promoting water conservancy, removing water hazards, protecting development, and benefiting people's livelihood. The pioneers have carried out long-term and arduous practice and exploration for it. The thought of systematic and comprehensive management of water management has gradually formed and become an important follow-up of water management in all parts of Taihu Basin. It will continue to inherit and develop in the future. Since the beginning of the new century, the layout of comprehensive management project integrating flood control and disaster reduction, water resources allocation and water ecological environment improvement in Taihu Basin has been formed preliminarily, which forming a complete governance and management framework, and creating the prosperity in south of the lower reaches of the Yangtze River. At the same time, under the background of climate change and rapid urbanization, all-round water security in Taihu Basin is also facing new pressure and challenges. In this paper, the course, thought and current situation of water management in Taihu Basin are summarized systematically. The key technologies to be solved of water management in Taihu Basin in the new period are analyzed, and the direction of water management in the future is discussed, so as to provide reference for the further construction of beautiful and happy Taihu Basin.
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