文章摘要
齐梅兰,周马生,汤改春.群桩冲刷及抛石级配与厚度对防护效果的影响[J].水利学报,2021,52(6):723-730
群桩冲刷及抛石级配与厚度对防护效果的影响
Scour at pile groups and effects of riprap gradation and thickness on the scour reduction
投稿时间:2020-07-29  
DOI:10.13243/j.cnki.slxb.20200875
中文关键词: 群桩  冲刷  抛石级配  抛石层厚度  防护效果
英文关键词: pile group  scour  riprap gradation  riprap thickness  protection efficiency
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(51578062)
作者单位
齐梅兰 北京交通大学 土木建筑工程学院, 北京 100044 
周马生 中国路桥工程有限责任公司, 北京 100011 
汤改春 北京交通大学 土木建筑工程学院, 北京 100044 
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中文摘要:
      水下群桩不可避免地发生局部冲刷而使桩基埋深减小,影响上部结构的安全,因此,群桩冲刷及其防护措施十分值得研究。通过实验室水槽试验和结果分析,研究了井字形排列群桩的间距与冲刷深度变化的关系,进而研究抛石颗粒的级配及抛石层厚度对冲刷防护效果的影响。研究发现,桩间净距的增大可使群桩局部冲刷深度减小,与桩间零净距相比,当达到临界最大桩间净距时冲刷深度可减小50%~60%,临界最大桩间净距与桩弗劳德数有关;在冲刷过程的前30%时段,群桩冲刷速率较之单桩偏小约30%~50%,群桩冲刷达到平衡时的最大冲深点位于前排桩柱前;与颗粒均匀的抛石料相比,非均匀抛石在较小的抛石层厚度下可取得更优的防护效果;存在与水动力、桩径、床沙等因素有关的最佳抛石料级配和抛石层厚度,尚需更深入的研究。
英文摘要:
      Local scouring inevitably follows at underwater pile groups, which reduces the buried depth of the pile foundation and affects the safety of the upper structure. Therefore, the preventing scour measures for pile groups are worth studying. This work focused on the variation of scour at pile groups in the square array with spacing of piles, as well as the impact of particles grading and thickness of riprap layer on the effect of erosion reduction. Laboratory flume experiments were conducted and the observation data were analyzed. The study found that increasing the spacing between piles the local scour depth at pile groups can be reduced in a limited range. A maximum spacing of which is related with pile Froude number appears when the equilibrium scour depth can be reduced by 50%~60% compared with zero spacing of four piles. During the first 30% of the scouring process,the scour rate is about 30%~50% of less than that at a single pile. The maximum equilibrium scour depth is located in front of the front row of piles. Riprap composed of non-uniform particles with smaller riprap thicknesses can achieve better prevention efficiency than that of uniform ripraps. An optimal riprap gradation and riprap thickness are impacted by multi-factors, such as hydrodynamic force, pile diameter, bed sand, and so on, which is worth studying further to meet the demands of design countermeasure of scour reduction.
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