文章摘要
王鹏,申霞,王船海,华祖林,马乙心,刘晓东.复杂河网水系油粒子模型开发及溢油污染模拟[J].水利学报,2021,52(6):750-757
复杂河网水系油粒子模型开发及溢油污染模拟
Development of the oil particle model for complex river network and numerical simulation of oil spill pollution
投稿时间:2020-08-18  
DOI:10.13243/j.cnki.slxb.20200649
中文关键词: 油膜漂移  机械扩展  风化过程  河岸吸附  太湖流域
英文关键词: oil spill drift  mechanical spreading  weathering processes  bank adsorption  Taihu basin
基金项目:国家自然科学基金重点项目(51739002,U2040209);江苏省高校优秀科技创新团队(2019年)
作者单位
王鹏 河海大学 浅水湖泊综合治理与资源开发教育部重点实验室, 江苏 南京 210098
河海大学 环境学院, 江苏 南京 210098 
申霞 南京水利科学研究院, 江苏 南京 210029 
王船海 河海大学 水文水资源学院, 江苏 南京 210098 
华祖林 河海大学 浅水湖泊综合治理与资源开发教育部重点实验室, 江苏 南京 210098
河海大学 环境学院, 江苏 南京 210098 
马乙心 河海大学 环境学院, 江苏 南京 210098 
刘晓东 河海大学 浅水湖泊综合治理与资源开发教育部重点实验室, 江苏 南京 210098
河海大学 环境学院, 江苏 南京 210098 
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中文摘要:
      近年来,油粒子模型在海洋、海湾等水体的二、三维溢油数值模拟中获得广泛应用。然而,河网地区的水流模拟通常采用一维水动力模型,无法根据模型预测结果判断油粒子运动至河网节点后的流动方向,导致现有油粒子模型不能应用于河网水系溢油污染模拟。本研究针对水网地区溢油输移特征,通过定义河网节点出流河道流向因子,判断油粒子运动至河网节点后的流动去向,提出了一种基于油粒子模型的复杂河网水系突发溢油污染模拟方法。将改进的油粒子模型应用于太湖流域重要输水通道太浦河溢油污染模拟,结果表明,流向因子判断法能够正确模拟油粒子在复杂河网水系的迁移和分配过程,基于流向因子判断法开发的油粒子模型适用于水系结构复杂、水流条件多变的河网地区溢油模拟。成果对于提升复杂水网地区溢油风险预警和应急处置能力具有重要的理论价值和应用前景。
英文摘要:
      In recent years, the oil particle model has been widely used in the two-dimensional and three-dimensional numerical simulation of oil spill accidents in oceans,bays and other water bodies. However,the one-dimensional hydrodynamic model is usually used to simulate the flow movement of the river network. It is impossible to determine the flow directions of oil particles after they move to the nodes of the river network according to the model prediction results. As a result, the existing oil particle model cannot be applied to the simulation of oil spill pollution in river network. In this study, based on the characteristics of oil slick transport in the river network area, an oil particle model-based simulation method for river network area is proposed by defining the flow direction factors of outflow channels and determining the flow directions of oil particles. The modified oil particle model was applied to simulate the oil spill pollution of Taipu River, a main water transfer channel in Taihu Basin. The results show that the flow direction factor method can appropriately simulate the transport and distribution process of oil particles in the complex river network. The oil particle model based on the flow direction factor method is applicable for oil spill simulation in river network areas with complex river system structure and changeable flow conditions. The research results have great theoretical value and application prospect for improving the early warning and emergency response capacity of oil spill risk complex river network areas.
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