文章摘要
傅豪,徐超伟,王凌越,杨小柳.历史视角下的湿地演变与恢复保护——以永年洼为例[J].水利学报,2018,49(5):619-627
历史视角下的湿地演变与恢复保护——以永年洼为例
Wetland evolution and restoration from historical perspective: A case study of Yongnian Lake
投稿时间:2017-05-13  
DOI:10.13243/j.cnki.slxb.20170454
中文关键词: 湿地恢复  高强度人类活动影响  永年洼  历史演变
英文关键词: wetland restoration  high-intensity human activities  Yongnian Lake  historical evolution
基金项目:水体污染控制与治理科技重大专项(2014ZX07203-008);国家自然科学基金项目(41471017)
作者单位E-mail
傅豪 北京大学, 北京 100871  
徐超伟 北京大学, 北京 100871  
王凌越 北京大学, 北京 100871  
杨小柳 北京大学, 北京 100871 xlyang11@pku.edu.cn 
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中文摘要:
      湿地的恢复与保护是近年来环保领域的热点。用历史视角研究湿地及其周边的演化历程,能极大地丰富对湿地的认识,使湿地的恢复和保护更有针对性。本文以华北地区典型的受高强度人类活动长期影响的自然湿地永年洼为例,尝试从历史视角审视其演变,证明这一方法的有效性,并指出:①广府古城的历史长于永年洼的历史,永年洼始终受高强度人类活动影响;②永年洼在1949年以后的剧烈萎缩主要是因为水利工程控制来水量和围垦造田,永年洼仍具备成为湿地的条件;③永年洼以防洪功能为主、生态功能为次,永年洼的恢复保护应借建设湿地公园的契机,保障湿地来水的水量和水质。
英文摘要:
      Wetlands protection and restoration is a hot study in recent years. Studying the evolution of a wetland and its surroundings with a historical perspective is a great help to understand the wetland and make it more effective to protect the wetland. Yongnian Lake in Hebei Province is a typical wetland, which has been involved in heavily human activities for more than five hundred years but still keep natural features. It is used as a case in this study to examine its evolution in historical perspective and prove the effectiveness of this method. We find that:Ⅰ. Guangfu City has a longer history than Yongnian Lake,and Yongnian Lake has always been strongly affected by high-intensity human activities; Ⅱ. Water surface of Yongnian Lake decreased greatly after 1949,and it is mainly because of the hydraulic engineering and rec-lamations; Yongnian Lake still has the potential to become a better wetland;Ⅲ. Flood control is the main function of Yongnian Lake, while ecological functions is less important; the restoration of Yongnian Lake should be based on the opportunity to build the wetland park,and ensure its water supply both on quanti-ty and quality.
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